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Analyze the major aspects of domestic debates over US expansionism in the 19th century and the early 20th century.

  • People work together because of the war
  • self-government and self-determination wasn’t defined in the 14 points from Pres. Wilson
  • people were more concerned about what was going on United States

Analyze the goals of US policy makers in major international conflicts, such as WWI, and explain how US involvement in these conflicts has altered the US role in world affairs.

  • Not enough voluntary military forces and US so Roosevelt issued a draft
  • 3 million men drafted into the Army
  • 2 million joined various branches of the armed service voluntarily
  • 5 million total men
  • combat was brief but intense
  • spring 1918 American troops available for battle eight months later the war is over
  • war cost $32 billion
  • the entire federal budget is $1 billion before 1915 the entire gross national product $35 billion 1910
  • Woodrow Wilson 14 points January 8, 1918 he grouped the war aims they fell into three categories
  • 14 point categories eight specific recommendations for adjusting boundaries and establishing new nations to replace Austro Hungary and the Ottoman Empire those recommendations were because of self-determination all people could govern themselves
  • 14 point second set five general principles to govern international conduct in the future including freedom of the seas, open treaties, reduction in arms, free trade and impartial mediation of colonial claims
  • third 14 point category proposal for a league of Nations that would help implement the new principles and resolve future controversies
  • big problem in 14 points was no way to decide how to implement national self-determination Wilson was progressive
  • Wilson 1918 election domestic economic troubles more than international issues have been the factors in people voting
  • Paris peace conference Pres. Wilson arrived December 13, 1918 people of France (thought of him as a savior
  • Allied nations Paris peace conference David Lloyd George Prime Minister of Great Britain, George Clemenceau president of France, Vittorio Orlando Prime Minister of Italy, Wilson president of the United States

Explain how the US involvement in global conflicts in the 20th century set the stage for domestic social changes.


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  • To raise money for the war sold liberty bonds in America to the public raised $23 billion
  • the rest of the money came from taxes
  • inheritance tax is as high as 70% minority Baruch ran the W ID war industries Board which was created in July 1917 the W I B most powerful government agency decided what factories would convert the production of what war war materials and set prices for the goods
  • W ID inefficient
  • businessmen called themselves dollar a year men took paid leave from their corporate jobs work for the government for no salary and supervise the affairs of the private economy
  • link between public and private
  • national war labor Board created 1918 mediated labor disputes eight hour workday, maintenance of minimal living standards, eat equal pay for women doing equal work, right of union to organize but workers couldn’t strike and employers couldn’t have lockouts
  • Union membership increased 1.5 million between 1917 and 1919
  • the economy was organized for war
  • Hoover efficient organization of food supplies
  • McAdoo success in establishing state control of the railroads
  • national unity of great common cause gave people a cluck of sense of purpose
  • propaganda campaign to drum up enthusiasm for the war
  • CPI committee on Public information controlled information for newspaper and magazines
  • journalist self-censorship reporting war news the way the government wanted
  • 1918 government distributed propaganda against the savagery of the Germans
  • espionage act of 1917 gave the government knew ways to combat spine or people working against the war
  • sabotage act April 20
  • sedition act of May 16 both expanded the meaning of espionage act to make illegal any public expression of opposition to the war they could prosecute anybody who criticize the president or the government
  • Socialist party industrial workers of the world IWW were targets of the new legislation
  • vigilante mobs went after people who were against the war
  • immigrants including the Irish because the Irish didn’t like the British did Jews didn’t like the Russian government
  • the American German community public opinion was against them