1.Notes the enclosure acts in the Industrial Revolution

  • Industrial Revolution people moved out of the countryside and into urban factories
  • offered a better situation than what they were leaving
  • Parliamentary acts 1752 1860 open fields closed for use by peasants
  • peasants used to be able to put their animals there fish collect firewood
  • peasants depended on these open fields
  • the best land went to politically connected farmers
  • the rest of the land was waist with no access to water or would
  • English enclosures and Soviet collectivization two instances of anti-peasant mode of development written by Joseph Strong Berg he said the political dominance of large landowners redistributed the land in their own favor

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  • Rich gave themselves the best land and almost all of it
  • individual landowners benefit and it just advantage the patents
  • peasants had three choices tenant farming like surf for large landowners, move to the new world, move to a city
  • sudha shenoy between 1730 and 1839 4041 enclosure bills passed moved 30% of agricultural land of England from peasants
  • Gen. enclosure act of 1801 also called the enclosure consolidation dinner dies legal process of the other acts
  • within a few generations the enclosure acts created huge amounts of industrial reserve labor
  • they work for starvation wages and often became prostitutes or thieves
  • England government started a poor relief supplement to make sure people didn't starve
  • employers didn't have to pay high wages
  • a socialist movement started that blame the Industrial Revolution for what happened
  • rural people lost their livelihood through legal means England
  • small industries like leaving wall when away because of cheap cotton and industrialized methods of reading it
  • positive effects of enclosure acts is less land wastage, land of a good farmer better because the neighboring said strip farmer is gone, machines could be used on larger plots, crop rotation, animal diseases less likely, less labor was needed to tend crops
  • negative effects farmers evicted from land they'd had for centuries, the villagers owned no land animals kept on common pastors evicted, poor farmers small plots of land unable to compete, poor moved into cities to find work