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The name Bethlehem summons feelings of joy and peace in many, but Jesus' birthplace today is far removed from an idyllic nativity scene. To reach it, pilgrims have to first cross the Israeli Defense Wall, dubbed "the wall of shame" or apartheid wall by Bethlehem's inhabitants. Its 500 miles of 9-meter-high concrete, built to keep terrorists out of Israel, surround all the territories controlled by the Palestinian Authority, including Bethlehem. After baggage checks, ID inspections, and passage through multiple security gates, a large message surrounded by barbed wire from the Israel Ministry of Tourism greets pilgrims: "Peace be with you."

ISRAELI Prime Minister Ariel Sharon last night said his country was at war with Palestinian terrorists and branded Yasser Arafat "the enemy of the free world".

Sharon went on TV hours after 15 Israelis died and 68 were wounded in three more suicide bombings.

He accused the Palestinian leader of "directing a campaign of terrorism against the Jewish state", adding: "We cannot compromise with those who are ready...to die only to kill innocent civilians."

PALESTINIAN suicide bombers killed 12 people and wounded more than 40 yesterday after Israeli troops attacked Yasser Arafat's Ramallah HQ.

The twin blasts brought to five the number of suicide bombings in five days.

The back-to-back explosions look set to fuel a major Israeli offensive in Palestinian areas, launched last week in response to a string of bloody attacks on Israeli civilians.

In Israel itself, opinion is divided about whether the new wall will bring safety or only further isolation. For Palestinians, it's only the latest in a long string of hurdles, some inflicted by the Israelis but equally by the corruption and terrorism of their own administration.


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2000 (5 bombings)

Name

Date

Location

Death toll

Notes

Gaza bombing

October 26, 2000

Gaza Strip

1 injured

Youth suicide bomber on bike. Palestinian Islamic Jihadclaimed responsibility.

2nd Mahane Yehuda Market attack

November 2, 2000

Jerusalem

2

Booby-trapped car. Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

2nd Kfar Darom bombing

November 20, 2000

Gaza Strip

2

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Hadera main street bombing

November 22, 2000

Hadera

2

Booby-trapped car. Hamas claimed responsibility.

Mehola bombing

December 22, 2000

Mehola Junction

3 injured

Hamas claimed responsibility.

[edit]2001 (40 bombings)

Name

Date

Location

Death toll

Notes

Netanya centre bombing

January 1, 2001

Netanya

60 injured

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Tayibe Bridge bombing

January 30, 2001

Tayibe

2 injured

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Beit Yisrael bombing

February 8, 2001

Jerusalem

2 injured

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Mei Ami junction bombing

March 1, 2001

Vadi Ara

1

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Netanya bombing

March 4, 2001

Netanya

3

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Talpiot industrial zone bombing

March 27, 2001

Jerusalem

7 injured

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Egged bus 6 bombing

March 27, 2001

French Hill, Jerusalem

28 injured

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Mifgash Shalom attack

March 28, 2001

Mifgash Shalom gas station, Kfar Sava

2

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Kfar Sava bombing

April 22, 2001

Kfar Sava

1

Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Or Yehuda bombing

April 23, 2001

Near Ben Gurion Airport

8 injured

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Nablus school bus bombing

April 29, 2001

Nablus, West Bank

None

Hamas claimed responsibility.

HaSharon Mall suicide bombing

May 18, 2001

HaSharon shopping mall, Netanya

5

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Hadera Mall bombing

May 25, 2001

Hadera

None

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Hadera bus station suicide bombing

May 25, 2001

Central bus station, Hadera

65 injured

2 Palestinians within a car bomb. Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Jerusalem Center bombing

May 27, 2001

Jerusalem

None

PFLP claimed responsibility.

Jaffa Road bombing

May 27, 2001

Jerusalem

30 injured

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Netanya school bombing

May 30, 2001

Netanya

8 injured

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Dolphinarium discotheque suicide bombing

June 1, 2001

Tel Aviv

21

Hamas claimed responsibility.[6]

Dugit bombing

June 22, 2001

Gaza Strip

2

Booby trapped car's explosion. Hamasclaimed responsibility.

Yehud suburb bombing

July 2, 2001

Tel Aviv

6 injured

Explosion of two separate bombs. PFLPclaimed responsibility.

Kissufim bombing

July 9, 2001

Southern Gaza Strip crossing point

None

Explosion of two separate bombs. Hamasclaimed responsibility.

Binyamina train station suicide bombing

July 16, 2001

Binyamina

2

Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Moshav Beka'ot bombing

August 8, 2001

Northern Jordan Valley

1 injured

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Sbarro restaurant suicide bombing

August 9, 2001

Downtown Jerusalem

15

Carried out by Hamas together withPalestinian Islamic Jihad.

Wall-Street Restaurant bombing

August 12, 2001

Kiryat Motzkin

21 injured

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Russian Compound bombing

August 21, 2001

Downtown Jerusalem

1 injured

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Jerusalem car bombings

September 3, 2001

Jerusalem

3 injured

Series of car bombs.

Hanevi'im street bombing

September 4, 2001

Jerusalem

20 injured

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Nahariya train station suicide bombing

September 9, 2001

Nahariya train station

3

Suicide bomber was an Arab Israeli citizen.Hamas claimed responsibility.

Beit Lid junction bombing

September 9, 2001

Near Netanya

17 injured

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Talpiot neighborhood bombing

October 1, 2001

Jerusalem

None

Hamas claimed responsibility.

1st Erez Crossing attack

October 7, 2001

Erez Passage near Gaza

None

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Kibbutz Shluhot bombing

October 7, 2001

Kibbutz Shluhot

1

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

2nd Erez Crossing attack

November 26, 2001

Gaza Strip

2 injured

Hamas claimed responsibility.

1st Egged bus 823 bombing

November 29, 2001

Wadi Ara Junction

3

Carried out by Palestinian Islamic Jihadtogether with Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades.

Ben Yehuda Street Bombing

December 1, 2001

Downtown Jerusalem

11

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Haifa bus 16 suicide bombing

December 2, 2001

Haifa

15

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Hilton Mamilla bombing

December 5, 2001

Mamilla, Jerusalem

11 injured

Carried out by Palestinian Islamic Jihadtogether with Hamas.

Check Post Junction bombing

December 9, 2001

Check Post Junction in the direction of Tel Hanan (Haifa area)

30 injured

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Neve Dekalim bombing

December 12, 2001

Neve Dekalim

4 injured

Hamas claimed responsibility.

[edit]2002 (47 bombings)

Name

Date

Location

Death toll

Notes

Tel Aviv outdoor mall bombing

January 25, 2002

Tel Aviv

25 injured

Double Suicide attack, carried out by Palestinian Islamic Jihadtogether with Fatah.

Jaffa Street bombing

January 27, 2002

Jerusalem

1

First female suicide bomber in Al-Aqsa Intifada, Wafa Idris. Hamasclaimed responsibility.

Tayibe bombing

January 31, 2002

Tayibe

None

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Karnei Shomron Mall suicide bombing

February 16, 2002

Karnei Shomron,West Bank

3

About 30 injuries (6 seriously). PFLP claimed responsibility.[7][8]

Maale Adumim - Jerusalem road bombing

February 18, 2002

Jerusalem

1

Soldier killed by an explosive that was detonated by the driver of the car he was checking. Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility.

Efrat supermarket bombing attack

February 22, 2002

Efrat, West Bank

1 injured

Suicide bomber in supermarket.

Maccabim bombing

February 27, 2002

Maccabim,West Bank

3 injured

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Yeshivat Beit Yisrael massacre

March 2, 2002

Yeshiva in Jerusalem

11

Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility.

2nd Egged bus 823 bombing

March 5, 2002

Afula

1

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.[8]

Ariel hotel lobby bombing

March 7, 2002

Ariel, West Bank

15 injured (1 seriously)

PFLP claimed responsibility.[8]

Café Moment bombing

March 9, 2002

Rehavia, Jerusalem

11

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Egged bus 22 bombing

March 17, 2002

Jerusalem

25 Injured

Hamas claimed responsibility.

3rd Egged bus 823 bombing

March 20, 2002

Vadi Ara, Muzmuz Junction

7

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

King George Street bombing

March 21, 2002

Jerusalem

3

Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility.

Passover massacre

March 27, 2002

Netanya

30

Suicide attack on Passover seder in Park Hotel. Carried out byHamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad.

Kiryat HaYovel supermarket bombing

March 29, 2002

Kiryat Yovel in Jerusalem

2

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Allenby Street coffee shop bombing

March 30, 2002

Tel Aviv

1

Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility.

Baqa al-Gharbiyah bombing

March 30, 2002

Baqa al-Gharbiyah

1

Booby-trapped vehicle that Palestinians tried to sneak into Israel.

Matza restaurant suicide bombing

March 31, 2002

Haifa

15

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Efrat Medical Center

March 31, 2002

Efrat, West Bank

4 injured (1 seriously)

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Jerusalem Roadblock bombing

April 1, 2002

Jerusalem

1

Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility.

Yagur Junction bombing

April 10, 2002

Yagur

8

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

3rd Mahane Yehuda Market attack

April 12, 2002

Jerusalem

6

Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility.

Rishon LeZion bombing

May 7, 2002

Rishon LeZion

15

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Netanya Market bombing

May 19, 2002

Netanya

3

Carried out by Hamas together with PFLP.

Afula road bombing

May 20, 2002

Afula

None

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Rothschild Street bombing

May 22, 2002

Rishon Lezion

2

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Pi Glilot bombing

May 23, 2002

North of Tel Aviv

None

A bomb exploded underneath a fuel truck. The truck burst into flames, but the blaze was quickly contained.

Studio 49 Disco bombing

May 24, 2002

Tel Aviv

5 injured

The security guard opened fire on a Palestinian attempting to detonate a car bomb. The Palestinian was killed, but the bomb exploded prematurely, injuring bystanders.

Petah Tikva Mall bombing

May 27, 2002

Petah Tikva

2

Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility.

Megiddo Junction bus bombing

June 5, 2002

Megiddo Junction

17

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Herzliya shawarma restaurant bombing

June 11, 2002

Herzliya

1

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Patt Junction Bus Bombing

June 18, 2002

Jerusalem

19

Hamas claimed responsibility.

French Hill Junction massacre

June 19, 2002

French Hill, Jerusalem

7

Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility.

Immanuel bus attack

July 16, 2002

Emmanuel-Bnei Brak bus 189

9

Detonation of an explosive device and shooting. Hamas claimed responsibility.

Neve Shaanan Street bombing

July 17, 2002

Southern Tel Aviv

5

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Nevi'im Street bombing

July 30, 2002

Jerusalem

5 injured

Apparently the bomb exploded prematurely.

Hebrew University massacre

July 31, 2002

Hebrew University, Jerusalem

9

Included American and French casualties. Bomber was from East Jerusalem. Hamas claimed responsibility.

Meron Junction Bus 361 attack

August 4, 2002

Meron Junction

9

Arab bomber with Israeli citizenship. Hamas claimed responsibility.

1st Umm al-Fahm bombing

August 5, 2002

Umm al-FahmJunction in Wadi Ara

1 injured

The Palestinian exploded in a taxi killing himself and wounding an Israeli-Arab driver from Nazareth.

2nd Umm al-Fahm bombing

September 18, 2002

Umm al-FahmJunction in Wadi Ara

1

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Allenby Street bus bombing

September 19, 2002

bus 4, near the Great Synagogue, Tel Aviv

6

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Geha road bombing

October 10, 2002

Bar-Ilan interchange, Geha road

1

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Karkur junction suicide bombing

October 21, 2002

Carcur Junction

14

2 Suicide bombers used a booby-trapped jeep with 100 KG TNT.Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Sonol gas station bombing

October 27, 2002

Ariel, West Bank

3

Victims killed while trying to prevent the Palestinian from detonating the bomb. Hamas claimed responsibility.

Kfar Sava shopping mall bombing

November 4, 2002

Kfar Sava

2

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Kiryat Menachem bus bombing

November 21, 2002

Kiryat Menahem, Jerusalem

11

Hamas claimed responsibility.

[edit]2003 (23 bombings)

Name

Date

Location

Death toll

Notes

Tel-Aviv central bus station massacre

January 5, 2003

Southern Tel Aviv

23

Carried out by two members of the Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades, with the help of Palestinian Islamic Jihad.

Haifa bus 37 suicide bombing

March 5, 2003

Carmeliya neighborhood, Haifa

17

Carried out by Hamas member and attributed to Hamas, yet never acknowledged.

London Cafe bombing

March 30, 2003

Netanya

54 injured

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Kfar Sava train station bombing

April 24, 2003

Kfar Sava

1

13 injured (2 seriously). PFLP claimed responsibility jointly withAl-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades.[8][9]

Mike's Place suicide bombing

April 30, 2003

Mike's Place pub, Tel Aviv

3

Carried out by Hamas using a British Muslim citizen of Pakistani descent and together with al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades.

Gross square attack

May 17, 2003

Gross square,Hebron, West Bank

2

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Jerusalem bus 6 bombing

May 18, 2003

Jerusalem

7

Hamas claimed responsibility.

3rd Kfar Darom bombing

May 19, 2003

Gaza Strip

3 injured

A Palestinian suicide bomber riding a bicycle blew up himself next to a military jeep. Hamas claimed responsibility.

Afula mall bombing

May 19, 2003

Afula shopping center

3

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Netzarim bus bombing

May 22, 2003

Netzarim, Gaza Strip

9 injured

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Davidka Square bus bombing

June 11, 2003

Downtown Jerusalem

17

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Sdei Trumot bombing

June 19, 2003

Moshav Sdei Trumot

1

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Kfar Yavetz bombing

July 7, 2003

Kfar Yavetz

1

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Ariel bus station bombing

August 12, 2003

Ariel, West Bank

2

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Rosh HaAyin bombing

August 12, 2003

Rosh HaAyin

1

Shmuel HaNavi bus bombing

August 19, 2003

Shmuel Hanavi, Jerusalem

23

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Tzrifin bus stop attack

September 9, 2003

Bus stop nearTzrifin army base

9

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Café Hillel bombing

September 9, 2003

Hillel Cafe, Jerusalem

7

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Maxim restaurant suicide bombing

October 4, 2003

Haifa

21

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Tulkarem bombing

October 9, 2003

Tulkarem, West Bank

3 injured

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Beit Hanoun Junction bombing

October 15, 2003

Gaza Strip

3

The victims were part of a US diplomatic convoy.

Azzoun bombing

November 3, 2003

Azzoun, West Bank

1 injured

Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility.

Geha Interchange bus stop bombing

December 25, 2003

Geha Junction

4

Over 20 injured. PFLP claimed responsibility.[8][9]

[edit]2004 (18 bombings)

Name

Date

Location

Death toll

Notes

3rd Erez Crossing attack

January 14, 2004

Gaza Strip

4

Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigade and Hamas claimed joint responsibility.

Gaza Street bus bombing

January 29, 2004

Rehavia, Jerusalem

11

Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigade and Hamas claimed responsibility.

Liberty Bell Park bus bombing

February 22, 2004

Liberty Bell Garden, Jerusalem

8

Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigade claimed responsibility.

4th Erez Crossing attack

March 6, 2004

Gaza Strip

3

The victims were Palestinian policemen who died in a shooting spree and suicide car bomb attack. Two of the vehicles exploded on the Palestinian side of the crossing. Four Palestinians were killed. There were no IDF casualties. Hamas,Palestinian Islamic Jihad and the military wing of Fatah claimed responsibility.

Ashdod Port massacre

March 14, 2004

Port ofAshdod

10

Double suicide bombing. Carried out by Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigade together withHamas.

5th Erez Crossing attack

April 17, 2004

Erez Crossing, Gaza Strip

1

Carried out by Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigade together with Hamas.

Deir al-Balah suicide attack

April 26, 2004

Gaza Strip

2

The victims were Palestinians killed when a suicide bomber detonated himself on the way to carry out an attack in Israel.

Gaza bomber struck

April 30, 2004

Gaza Strip

4 injured

The bomber's original target was a bus full of Jewish settlers, but the bus slipped away and the bomber missed it, so instinctively went for the next available target, which was an Israeli army patrol, injuring all four soldiers. Carried out by Hamas.

Beka'ot checkpoint bombing

May 22, 2004

Beka'otcheckpoint,Jordan Valley,West Bank

1 injured

PFLP claimed responsibility.[8][10]

Tel Aviv bus stop bombing

July 11, 2004

Tel Aviv

1

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Kalandia checkpoint attack

August 11, 2004

Kalandia,West Bank

2

The victims were Palestinian bystanders. 18 people (including six Border Policemen) were injured.

Beersheba bus bombings

August 31, 2004

DowntownBeershebaon buses 7 and 12

16

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Baka al-Sharkiyeh checkpoint attack

September 8, 2004

Near theGreen Lineborder with the West Bank

None

Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility.

Kalandia Gate suicide bombing

September 14, 2004

South of Kalandia,West Bank

2 injured

A suicide bomber riding on a bicycle blew himself up near an armored IDF jeep at an agricultural gate.

French Hill Junction bombing

September 22, 2004

French Hill, Jerusalem

2

Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility.

Sinai bombings

October 7, 2004

Sinai peninsula,Egypt

34

Suicide bombing at two Sinai holiday resorts frequented by Israeli tourists: thirty-one died at the Taba Hilton and three at Ras a-Satan. Among the dead were 12 Israelis; over 120 were wounded. The attack was masterminded by Iyad Salehand carried out by a Palestinian group.

Carmel Market bombing

November 1, 2004

Tel Aviv

3

Over 30 injured. PFLP claimed responsibility.[8][11]

Karni Crossing attack

December 7, 2004

Karni Crossing, Gaza Strip

1

An IDF soldier of the Oketz canine unit was killed by a bomb, along with his dog, when a booby-trapped chicken coup exploded northwest of the Karni Crossing. Four soldiers were wounded in the exchange of fire while evacuating him. Hamasclaimed responsibility for the attack.

[edit]2005 (9 bombings)

Name

Date

Location

Death toll

Notes

Morag attack

January 12, 2005

Morag, Southern Gaza Strip

1

One Israeli civilian was killed and three IDF soldiers wounded when a bomb was detonated against a military vehicle patrolling the route near Morag. Two Palestinians were killed by IDF forces. The area was booby-trapped with explosive devices, in addition to the bomb that exploded. Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Karni border crossing attack

January 13, 2005

Karni crossing, Gaza Strip

6

Carried out together by Hamas with Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades and Popular Resistance Committees.

Gush Katif checkpoint attack

January 18, 2005

Gush Katif, Gaza Strip

1

Hamas claimed responsibility.

Stage Club bombing

February 25, 2005

Tel Aviv sea promenade

5

Carried out together with Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades and with Hizballah involvement.

1st HaSharon Mall suicide bombing

July 12, 2005

Netanya

5

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Beersheba central bus station bombing

August 28, 2005

Beersheba

50 injured, 2 critically

Carried out by Palestinian Islamic Jihad together with Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades.

Hadera Market bombing

October 26, 2005

Hadera

7

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

2nd HaSharon Mall suicide bombing

December 5, 2005

Netanya

5

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Tulkarem roadblock bombing

December 29, 2005

NearTulkarem,West Bank

3

One Israeli soldier was killed when a Palestinian en route to carry out an attack in Israel was discovered and detonated himself at a checkpoint. A second intended suicide bomber was also killed in the blast as well as the driver and a third passenger. Three soldiers and seven Palestinians were also wounded.

[edit]2006 (3 bombings)

Name

Date

Location

Death toll

Notes

1st Rosh Ha'ir restaurant bombing

January 19, 2006

Near Tel Aviv old central bus station

31 injured

Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.

Kedumim bombing

March 30, 2006

Kdumim, West Bank

4

Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility.

2nd Rosh Ha'ir restaurant bombing

April 17, 2006

Near Tel Aviv old central bus station

11

68 injured. Carried out by Palestinian Islamic Jihad together with Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades.

[edit]2007 (1 bombing)

Name

Date

Location

Death toll

Notes

Eilat bakery bombing

January 29, 2007

Eilat

3

Both Palestinian Islamic Jihad and Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claim joint responsibility.

[edit]2008 (2 bombings)

Name

Date

Location

Death toll

Notes

Dimona bombing

February 4, 2008

Dimona

1

9 injuries. Carried out by Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades together with Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP).[12]

Kerem Shalom suicide bombing

April 19, 2008

Kerem Shalomborder crossing, Gaza Strip

13 injured

Three Palestinian suicide bombers broke through the border fence to attack the Kerem Shalom IDF post, blowing themselves up and wounding several Israeli soldiers. Hamas claimed responsibility.