Plato was a Greek philosopher. He was also a mathematician and a student of Socrates. He started the first institution of higher learning in the Western world called The Academy in Athens. Plato believed in the idea that knowledge is simply a matter of recollection, not of learning, observation or study. Plato argues that knowledge is not all knowing but that it comes from divine insight. Plato wrote extensively about contrasts of knowledge and opinion. He spoke of perception and reality in customs of people and in their basic nature. Below are three quotes from Plato that can tie into the novel the Lord of the Flies.

“We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark: the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light.”

“Good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly, while that people will find a way around the laws.”

“Good actions give strength to ourselves and inspire good actions in others.”


8 to 10 Discussion Questions

  1. Why do you think the author William Golding didn't name the younger children in the book?
  2. Piggy has theory that they shouldn't bring spears into Jack's side of the island. Do you believe it would have made any difference in the end result if they had chosen not to bring the spears?
  3. Why do you think Ralph wanted the boys to bath and comb their hair before going to Jack's side of the island?
  4. When Ralph blew the conch for the last time do you believe anybody on Jack's side of the island wanted to come to an assembly where do you think they were too far gone into savagery?
  5. Jack told Ralph to go away and leave him alone. Do you believe it Ralph and the other boys had left at that moment the violence would end? Ahy?
  6. What is the significance of the conch shell breaking after it was hit by the rock?
  7. Roger had a “hangman's horror” at the end of chapter 11. What is this?
  8. When Ralph found the twins in chapter 12 and they told him to run away, do you believe they really would have killed him?

Text based questions

  1. What is the significance of the conch from the quote “you let me carry the conch Ralph all show him the one thing he hasn't got.”
  2. What is the significance of the paint from the quote “he'll be painted said Sam timidly you know how he'll be”
  3. Do you believe piggy was on the right track when he told Jack's tribe “I've got this to say. You're acting like a crowd of kids”