British Rule in India
Sepoy Indian soldiers that protected the British East India Company interest in India
Sepoy mutiny first war of Indian independence
1 What were the immediate causes Muslim and Hindu issues ?
Rifle cartridges were greased with cows and pigs ,the cow sacred to Hindus and the pig was taboo to Muslims .
2 What happened when the Sepoys refused to load the rifles and what did fellow Sepoys do after the mutiny trials?
A group of Sepoys at Army post refused to load the rifles with the cartridges the British charged them with mutiny and put them in prison. Other Sepoys troops go on a rampage, killing 50 European men, women and children
3 What were the numbers on each side, and who won? What undermine the superior military force?
Indian troops 230,000 and British troops 45,000 the British won because the Indian troops were not well organized and Hindus and Muslims troops were not working together.
4 What were the outcomes of the mutiny?
British Parliament made the East India Company. The new Indian government and Queen Victoria became Empress of India so England took over India
British colonial rule
1 How many British administered how many Indians?
British viceroy with a staff of 3500 and they ruled 300 million Indian will people
2 According to the textbook. What were the benefits of British rule?
British rule brought order and stability, and efficient government, a new school system Postal Service and trains
3 What were the cost of British rule?
A huge economic cost, illegal taxes were collected , and 30 million Indians died of starvation because they had to grow cotton instead of food
1 What were the characteristics of the first Indian nationalist?
The first Indian nationalists were upper class, and English educated. Some were lawyers or civil servants and wanted reform, not revolution
2 What if they attempt to do it first, and what was a problem with that?
They preferred reform to revolution, but the slow pace of reform convinced many of them that it wasn't going anywhere.
3 How did the movement fracture?
The Indian national Congress. They formed had difficulties because of religious differences. The IMC why independence for all Indians, regardless of class, but many leaders were Hindu and Muslims wanted a separate Muslim league
4 When Gandhi returned to India. What did he advocate or want for India?
Gandhi wanted independence, and he began a movement based on nonviolent resistance trying to make the British improve the lives of the poor
Colonial Indian culture
1 How did some of the social and cultural exchange between Britain and India actually undermine British colonial rule in India?
The British brought education, the English-language, trains, and government to India. The people in India became educated and then realized that they were not in charge of their own country anymore, and learned from their new education had a fight against the British to regain their independence. Many British had lived in India for a long time and learn to like the Indians and felt they deserved to be free of British rule as well.
Gandhi wanted India to be independent of Britain and he wanted a better life for the people of India. Gandhi was a lawyer that worked at South Africa and he was well versed in what bigotry look like because he was the victim of it in South Africa. Gandhi worked to get the British rule away from India using nonviolent resistance against the British role.
Tagore was loved by both the Indians and the British. He wrote books and plays was an educator and all-around Renaissance man. He wrote about British rule, and even the Britons thought that they should get out of India because of the amazing writing and philosophy that he shared with them.
Both of these men helped India gained their independence from Britain.. Tagore made the British people realize that they were doing the wrong thing and Gandhi showed them that civil disobedience against British rule could be very powerful and when they work together. They won India's independence.