Outline pages 623–625

  1. The Japanese Path to War

    1. The Japanese path to war the need for natural resources made Japan sees other countries.

      1. September 18, 1931 Japanese soldiers disguised as Chinese blew up part of the Manchurian Railway near the city of Mukden

      2. Japan owned this area and they wanted to blame the bombing on the Chinese

    2. the Japanese army used this incident to justify taking Manchuria over

      1. Manchuria had a population of 30 million Chinese people and the land mass was larger than all of Japan

      2. they also received many resources that the Japanese needed from China

      3. September 1932 Japanese formed Manchuria into a separate state and renamed it Manchukuo

    3. Japan put in a leader named Henry Pu Yi was put as the leader of Manchukuo

      1. China's “last Emperor” was Henry Pu Yi he left the throne following the revolution of 1911 in China

      2. the league of Nations sent in investigators when Japan seized Manchuria now renamed Manchukuo

    4. Japan continued expanding over the eastern part of inner Mongolia and areas in North China around Beijing

      1. the Emperor and the government couldn't control the army in Japan

      2. the army in Japan established Japanese foreign policies

      3. by the mid-1930s militants connected to the government and the armed forces had gained control over Japanese politics

  2. War with China

    1. Chiang Kai Shek wanted to avoid conflict with Japan because he was more worried about communists

      1. when Chinese and Japanese troops fought he gave up allowing Japan to govern areas in northern China

      2. Japan moved south in people in China grew aggressive

      3. December 1936 Chiang gave up fighting the communists and had them help him fight the Japanese

    2. In July 1937 China and Japan fought it turn into a major conflict when Japan sees the Chinese capital of Nanjing in December

      1. Chiang Kai-shek did not surrender and the Chinese citizens suffered aerial bombings and brutality

      2. the Chinese were defeated but they resisted the Japanese for the entire course of the war

  3. The New Asian Order

    1. Japan military leaders wanted Chiang Kai-shek to agree to add new order in East Asia that would include Japan Manchuria and China.

      1. Japan wanted an new system to control Asia

      2. Japan wanted them to modernize

    2. Japan's plan was to seize Soviet Siberia because they needed their rich resources

      1. in the late 1930s Japan began to cooperate with Nazi Germany

      2. Japan planned to join with Germany attacking the Soviet Union and divide Soviet resources between them

    3. when Germany signed a nonaggression pact with the Soviets in August 1939 Japan realize they did not have the resources to defeat the Soviet Union without help

    4. Japanese fought in Southeast Asia looking for raw materials to fuel its military machine now that they could not depend on Russia

  4. Japan Launches Attack

    1. if Japan moved south they would risk war with the European colonial powers in the US

      1. 1937 in the summer Japan attacked China and it aroused criticism

      2. in 1940 Japan demanded the right to exploit economic resources in French Indochina

      3. the US objected

    2. the US said it would apply economic sanctions or restrictions attended to enforce international law unless Japan withdrew from the area and return to its borders of 1931

      1. Japan needed the oil and scrap iron it was getting from the US

      2. Japan worried if they couldn't get the iron and scrap metal they would have to find them elsewhere

      3. after much debate Japan decided to launch a surprise attack on the US and European colonies in Southeast Asia


Read page 626–627

1.) how did the international community try to prevent war? Why did these efforts fail to prevent World War II?

The international community try to prevent war. The league of Nations set up disarmament conferences and had mutual defense treaties in the 1920s and 1930s and they believe that the international community could maintain world peace. These efforts failed to prevent World War II because after World War I ended in 1918 Japan Italy and Germany used their military to occupy foreign territories in the 1930s. These countries were aggressive and led to the outbreak of a global conflict by the end of the decade.

2.) According to Gooch, why did the Disarmament Conference in Geneva fail?

He believes that it took too long to set up and it occurred to late to make any real difference. Germany left but there are brought back by promise of equality of status but it didn't really happen.

3.) What does Klemperer suggest about how most Germans felt about Hitler in 1938? Why do you think the German populace felt that way about Hitler?

The people of Germany see Hitler as a peacemaker and as a diplomat they'll believe anything the allies say. They believe Hitler is the Prince of peace they believe this because they feel France Russia and England are weak.

4.) What does McCay believe about the likelihood of stopping the conflict between Japan and China?

McKay does not believe that there is a likelihood of stopping the conflict between Japan and China. He believes that the league of Nations want the United States to get involved and come between Japan and China.

5.) What common point does each of the three sources make about the international efforts to prevent war in the 1930s?

The common point of the three sources are that the league of Nations seem to be powerless in affecting any real change in how countries do with each other. They can't seem to stop any type of aggression between the countries involved. They all sit back and talk and talk but nothing actually gets done and they wait for the United States to get involved.

6.) What were the causes of World War II? Do you think the Western powers could have prevented the war? Why or why not?

There were two causes to World War II. The harsh treatment of Germany after World War I and the Treaty of Versailles. The people of Germany were desperate and look to communism to unite them and make them feel whole again. The second cause of World War II was unchecked aggression by Japan. Japan took over entire country twice its size and Manchuria and the league of nations did nothing about it. Western powers hadn't many opportunities to prevent war but shows to do nothing. They talked about it a lot but never actually did anything. Britain and France were fat and happy with their war reparations but they wanted more money and they did nothing about it either. If we were nicer to Germany after the war or help them get back in the feet maybe there wouldn't be aware of all.

7.) Look at the Cartoon: How accurately does it reflect global conditions leading up to World War II?

The cartoon is very unfair. It is not the United States role in the world to become the police of the whole earth. Not the United Nations fault that the league of Nations can't decide what to do. Admittedly of nations were weak and look to the US to solve all their problems but the United States was struggling as well and they were in a Great Depression and they had to worry about their own citizens not sinners halfway across the world.