Causes of WWII - Includes specifics and connects logically
19. T of V’s impact on Germany and her people. Germany was completely devastated after World War I. The people of Germany had to deal with the long-term effects of the Treaty of Versailles. The people of Germany were exhausted after the war and had felt like they had been humiliated and destroyed. In many ways Germany was worse off after the war than during the war. Inflation was out of control and people were literally starving to death in Germany years after the war ended
19a. Economic The effects of the Treaty of Versailles crushed Germany’s economy after World War I. Germany lost land they needed to grow food, boats they needed to bring in raw supplies from abroad and the government could not afford to pay back reparations promised to the Allied nations.
Although Germany had once been an agricultural powerhouse in Europe their economy became more industrial and they were unable to feed their own population without importing goods. Forty million Germans needed the potato and wheat crops that were grown in the East part of Germany that was now under Allied control. Germany could not import food because they had lost their merchant marine vessels. Germany also needed from materials including coal that they could no longer import. Many citizens could not find work and the German currency was devalued to the point that it became worthless. Inflation was so bad at one point in 1923 that prices were being marked up by 20% every day.
Foreign travelers came in and snatched up German antiquities and treasures for almost nothing. Barter became the new system of currency. People traded butter for services and shoe factory workers were paid in shoes. The United States tried to stabilize the German economy with the Dawes plan from 1924 to 1929. The Dawes plan was a series of loans from foreign investors including the United States meant to soften the burden of war reparation payments. The Great Depression in the United States affected Germany as well because now their economy is dependent upon the US economy flourishing. The Dawes plan worked until the United States economy and the stock market collapsed. After the stock market collapsed Germany's industrial output fell by 40% and unemployment was at 40%.
19b. Political The United States tried to stabilize the German economy with the Dawes plan from 1924 to 1929. The Dawes plan was a series of loans from foreign investors including the United States meant to soften the burden of war reparation payments. The Great Depression in the United States affected Germany as well because now their economy is dependent upon the US economy flourishing. The Dawes plan worked until the United States economy and the stock market collapsed. After the stock market collapsed Germany's industrial output fell by 40% and unemployment was at 40%. The government expanded powers set up price controls rationed foods took over transportation and the free market system was put aside. During the Paris peace conference France, Britain and the United States each had different motivations and desires. Georges Clemenceau was the premiere of France and they wanted revenge and security against Germany. France wanted Germany stripped of weapons and wanted them to pay reparations to cover the cost of the war. France also wanted a new country called Rhineland as a buffer state between them and Germany. David Lloyd George the Prime Minister of Great Britain wanted to make the Germans pay for the war. Woodrow Wilson had a more idealistic desire. He thought World War I was a war against militarism and he wanted a United Nations with political independence so big and small nations could have international cooperation.
19c. Social The economic crisis in Germany led to significant changes in the daily life of Germans. Many people in Germany were forced into prostitution or illegal activities because they had no choices. Many families were tossed onto the streets and had to bake to survive. Because German money was worthless foreigners found that they could live like kings in Germany during this time period. Germany said that it has transformed from an agricultural to an industrial state and now could not feed 40 million inhabitants if it has to give up its merchant marine vessels. Germany says if it loses its territory in the East that they will lose 21% of their wheat and potato production. They need raw materials and coal as well they fear they will lose a third of the production of the coalfields and that what little coal they do get they have to give to the allies. With the loss of the colonies and merchant fleet there will no longer be a position to import raw materials from abroad. Germany believes that it industries would be extinct. They will not be able to feed their people. Germany feels that many of their citizens will move away. 1,750,000 people were killed in 1 million were killed as a result of of the blockade that made their people starve. Germany feels that this will happen again and millions more will die.
20. Includes a logical transition/introduction to the information presented in the following: He believed that Germany economic collapse would cause political repercussions all throughout Europe and all over the world. Germany simply could not afford war reparations at that level. He was an outspoken critic of the Treaty of Versailles. He would be eventually proven correct. Germany did not pay back their war reparations and their country did fall into an economic depression. It would be easy to believe that the cause of World War II was caused by the harsh punishment put against Germany after World War I. There are no simple answers.
21. How does Hitler come to power? Germans had suffered a humiliating loss in World War I then they were again hit with disaster in a Great Depression. Germans found extremist parties more and more attractive. Adolf Hitler's Nazi party promise to build a new Germany. Hughes propaganda that appeal to the German sense of national honor. The German people were searching for a leader to escape their economic woes. Hitler also establish organizations for young people called the Hitler youth Hitler was a racist, and an extreme nationalist. He served four years during World War I and remained in Germany and entered politics. He took control of the German workers party. Hitler try to take over the government in 1923 but was crushed and he was sentenced to prison. He realizes not seize would have to attain power with legal means not with another violent overthrow when he got agility expanded not seen party and it had become the largest party in the German Parliament. Germany's economic difficulties were a factor in the night not to rise to power unemployment grew and the Great Depression made extremist parties more attractive. Hitler became chancellor in 1933 and created a new government he took complete control over Germany and pass the enabling act which gave the government the power to nor the Constitution for four years.
22. How does he respond to impacts of T of V? After World War I the trio for size has limited Germany's military power. As Chancellor Hitler stressed that Germany wish to revise the unfair provisions by peaceful means. In 1935 he began a military draft that would expand Germans army and created a new Air Force. Because it was the Great Depression France Great Britain and Italy condemned Germany but didn't do anything about it because it was the Great Depression and have their own internal problems. Hitler sent German troops into the Rhineland in 1936 was a D military rise area after the Treaty of her size that looked. Hitler gain new allies like Nido Mussolini of Italy
23. How does he add his own response?
23a. Lebensraum of holds the right of superior individuals to gain authoritarian leadership over the masses through the theory of lebensraum or living space through expansion. The theory emphasize the right of the strong shall rule over the week.
23b. Racism/Anti-Semitism not seize took all the Jews out of civil service and set up prison camps called concentration camps for people who oppose them. Hitler's goal was the development of an Aryan racial state that would dominate Europe and possibly the world it's a term to identify people speaking Indo-European languages only. Nazis thought the Germans were the only true descendents of Aryans would create another empire like the one ruled by ancient Romans. All of their goals were to further the Aryan master race. The Nuremberg laws define who was a Jew anyone with one Jewish grandparent. Excluded Jews from German citizenship and they were required to wear yellow stars of David and carry identification.