Cold War Events Jigsaw
Where were North and South Korea divided before the war? What happened leading up to and during WWII?
At the Yalta Conference of February 1945, the wartime Allies agreed to divide Korea temporarily along the 38th parallel until the country was reunified.
Soviet troops occupied the North
U.S. troops occupied the South
What was the nature of the two regimes? Who were they allied with?
North Korea: The Soviet Union
South Korea: United Nations
How and when did the Korean War begin?
The North Korean troops attacked on June 25th 1950 and caught South Korea by surprise
U.S. troops left South Korea in 1949 and South Korea could not defend themselves against the attack
2 months North Korean troops had pushed the South Korea army almost into the Sea, western government quickly and acted to help South Korea
What was the U.S. response and how did the UN play into the conflict?U.S. troops left South Korea in 1949 and South Korea could not defend themselves against the attack
The United Nations condemned the invasion and sent a multinational force led by the United States General douglas MaCarthur
Troops from the United States, Britian, Austrailia and 12 other countries began landing in South Korea in July 1950
a. Initial NK success
The North Korean attack began on June 25th, 1950 and caught South Korea totally by surprise.
U.S. troops had left South Korea in 1949, and the South Koreans could not defend themselves against the attack.
Within two months, North Korean troops had pushed the South's army almost into the sea!
b. U.S./allied gains
Western governments quickly acted to help South Korea.
The United Nations condemned the invasion and sent a multinational force led by U.S. General Douglas MacArthur.
Troops from the U.S., Britain, Australia, and 12 other countries began landing in South Korea in July 1950
c. Chinese entry
United Nations troops were driven South
September 1950- MacArthur launches a massive amphibious assault on inchon, behind enemy lines, and pressed north toward the chines border
China felt threatened by the invasion and sent 180,000 troops into Korea
d. Soviet Union
Communist leaders took over china
Kin Il Sung becomes the teacher of NK and asks China and the Soviet Union to support its invasion of the South to reunite Korea
Bot countries approved but neither wanted to be involved in fighting
The war ground went on for another 2 years before an armistice was eventually signed in the city of Panujom, bringing peace to the divided country.
North and South Korea remained divided roughly at the 38th parallel
In total about 2 million soldiers and up to 2 million Korean civilians lost their lives.
What was Sputnik?
Sputnik was the very first satellite put into space, sadly by the Russians. It was essentially a grapefruit with enough lift off gear to put it up into space. When I say grapefruit, I mean an extremely low tech piece of equipment, which fell out of space quite soon after it was put up. The U.S.'s first space satellite was very high tech, and is probably still up there.
What was the government response? (Education, NASA)
America tried to create a new generation of super intelligence, by creating standardized tests, making tests harder, making higher grades harder to achieve. They also funded NASA more, and focused most of their funding and willpower on the space race, and getting the first humans to the moon.
Significance/identification of John Glenn and Apollo 11
Cuban Missile Crisis:
Cuban Revolution of 1959 (events and significance). Fidel Castro and Che Guevara took over Cuba.The Cuban Revolution overthrew US businesses.Castro took over American businesses and threw them out of Cuba.Eisenhower stopped buying Cuban sugar, which would cause Cuba to go bankrupt.
Strained relations between Cuba and the US
Castro leader of Cuba
Bay of Pigs was An attack of Cuban exiles, backed up by the CIA, on Cuba. Bay of Pigs was a total fiasco for US and it gave Castro confidence and propaganda material,as well as global status. Cuba, "a tiny country", stood its grounds and the US had not been able to invade them.
Cause of the Cuban Missile Crisis.an international crisis in October 1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the U.S. and the USSR. When the U.S. discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island; the Soviet leader Khrushchev acceded to the U.S. demands a week later. Thought it would launch a revolution on Fidel Castro but it didn't
How did Kennedy respond ? Made JFK appear weak to Americans because he wasn't taking a strong enough stand to communism
how did the crisis end? the crisis ended because Russia moved its weapons but Cuba and Russia became closer and Russia sent a lot of aid to Cuba and built a base there.
Describe the Berlin and Wall and why it was built.
Berlin divided into zones of occupation France Britain the United States/Soviet Union the Soviet Union held West Berlin hostage cut off Highway water and rail traffic
lots of people were leaving West Berlin to try to get away from Russia and their politics to East Berlin where was more liberal and Russia wanted to stop them from leaving so they built a wall to keep them in.
What was the U.S. response to the wall?
President Kennedy was seen as weak after Cuba so russia thought it was a good time to build wall thought the usa would do nothing. Kennedy flew to east germany and gave speech
How were East Germans affected by the wall and what did they do to resist?
Berlin wall was built
to prevent East Germans from fleeing to West, 1961East Germans came up with lots of ways to escape tunnels and hot-air balloon’s
What were the consequences?
if you are caught trying to escape they were killed
When and why did the wall come down?
November 9, 1989, the wall came down communist countries not as powerful. cold war coming to an end
Describe the spy agencies (KGB and CIA).
CIA Central Intelligence Agency; U.S.'s foreign intelligence gathering service
KGB The Soviet Union's all-powerful intelligence and security service during the Cold War
Who are the Rosenberg’s and what did they do. What happened to them?
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg spied on the United States atomic program for Russia were given the electric chair for espionage
What is the relationship between espionage and the Second Red Scare? 1940s to 1950s US government looking for communist sympathizers inside government jobs.through the federal employee loyalty program.
What is the role of spying in pop culture?
people started looking for espionage and anti-American Communist sympathizers everywhere
Nuclear Arms Race:
Describe the Manhattan Project.
-secret project to research, develop, and test an atomic weapon during WWII
-originally a race against Germans to be the first to make a bomb
-$6000 initially invested
-project cost over $20 billion by the end
Who developed which bombs and when?
On August 29, 1949 the Soviet Union successfully tested its first atomic bomb. The world was shocked. They did not think the Soviet Union was this far along in their nuclear development. The Arms Race had begun.
In 1952 the United States detonated the first hydrogen bomb. This was an even more powerful version of the nuclear bomb. The Soviets followed up by exploding their first hydrogen bomb in 1953.
Development of delivery technology.
- the first method of delivery, and the method used in the only two nuclear weapons actually used in warfare, was in a gravity bomb dropped by a bomber.
- Shot into the air on a missile-Missiles using a ballistic trajectory usually deliver a warhead over the horizon
- A cruise missile is a jet engine or rocket-propelled missile that flies at low altitude using an automated guidance system (usually inertial navigation, sometimes supplemented by either GPS or mid-course updates from friendly forces) to make them harder to detect or intercept. Cruise missiles can carry a nuclear warhead. They have a shorter range and smaller payloads than ballistic missiles, so their warheads are smaller and less powerful.
How many weapons did/does the U.S. and Russia/U.S.S.R. have ?
in 2013, Russia possessed an estimated 8,500 total nuclear warheads of which 1,800 were strategically operational. The organization also claims that the U.S. had an estimated total 7,700 nuclear warheads of which 1,950 were strategically operational.
what other countries have nuclear weapons?
China, England,France, India, Pakistan,Israel and maybe North Korea
What is deterrence and Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD)?
One of the major factors in the Cold War was termed Mutual Assured Destruction or MAD. This meant that both countries could destroy the other country in the case of attack. It wouldn't matter how successful the first strike was, the other side could still retaliate and destroy the country which first attacked. For this reason, neither side ever used nuclear weapons. The cost was too high.
Discuss Strategic Arms Limitation Treaties (SALT) and Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties (START).
SALT 1972 between the United States and Russia to freeze the amount of existing weapons
START 1991 between the US and Russia,okay START negotiated the largest and most complex arms control treaty in history, and its final implementation in late 2001 resulted in the removal of about 80 percent of all strategic nuclear weapons then in existence