Thesis: (What did you learn about your topic? Broad- informational not argumentative)

The Dutch came to South Africa to build a rest stop for the Dutch East India Company. Trade vessels needed to get around the Cape and moved two points in eastern locations. The native Africans including the Khoikhoi slowly began to be moved out of their own lands. The Dutch shifted the entire country's economic situation. The Dutch settlers occupied their land, began wars and skirmishes, enslaved many and kept Africans down until quite recently.

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The basic start for the dutch

Dutch trade vessels used the Cape as a refreshment outpost in 1652 Cape Town was founded by the Dutch East India Company. The outposts supplied ships on their way to Asia with fruit vegetables and meat so the sailors could recuperate. There is a great deal of fresh water that was difficult to find in other areas and that is why the Dutch chose this area. In the beginning they traded with the local Africans peacefully. They granted men permission to own land build farms and improve their own food supply. Many of the Dutch settlers complained that the land available was insufficient to meet their agricultural demands so they raided land along the Valley to farm. The new farmers were ordered to sell their products only to the Dutch and not with the local Africans. This resulted in many conflicts with the local Africans who lost grazing pastures as settlers began to occupy their land. The lack of pastureland cattle between 1654 and 1659 resulted in a skirmish known as the first Khoi-Dutch war that lasted between 1659 and 1670. The Dutch claim they purchased the Cape district that included table Bay from the Khokhoi with Brandy, tobacco and bread.


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The beginning of business and trade (Put all business and trade in a green tone)

the first Dutch arrived in 1652 and the Dutch began to allow their employees to leave the Dutch East India Company and settle they were called Boers. By the 1700s the Boers occupied most of the farmland around Cape Town. After the Dutch East India Company stopped trading peacefully with the local Africans the local tribes had to work on Boer farms to support themselves. The Dutch attempted to negotiate to get cattle and labor from the South Africans but when negotiations broke down slavery was implemented. The Dutch found that the indigenous Africans who had been in the region for a thousand years were an unwilling labor force. They did not want to work for the Dutch so the Dutch simply took their lands and left him unable to care for themselves. Dutch farmers called Boers migrated across lands inhabited by native Africans and seized the land for cattle and sheep grazing as the basis of their economy. The Boers were racist and believes that they were superior to the Africans in every way. Dutch settlers imported slaves from West Africa, Malaysia and India establishing the dominance of whites over nonwhites in the region. In 1867 diamond mining started in South Africa. Native Africans were given the most dangerous jobs are paid far less than the white workers. They are housed in fenced patrol barracks. Africans were kept for organizing with oppressive conditions and constant surveillance.

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The Ruff Spot to the battles (Ruff spots in a blue tone) There were many battles during this time. In 1658 the Dutch needed more labor and they began importing slaves to South Africa for agricultural work. The first slave ship arrived in March of 1658. From 1710 on the adult slave population outnumbered the adult colonial population by as much as 3 to 1. In 1806 Cape colony passed from the Dutch to the British. The Boers resented British father prohibited slavery. To escape British rule many Boers moved north it was called the great trek. They fought the Zulus along the way. Between 1818-1828 Shaka Zulu raged wars and conquered many Boers. The Boer war of 1899 to 1902 was won by the British there are 500,000 British soldiers versus 87,004 farmers. There are many brutal battles including a fierce one in 1838 where the Dutch killed 3000 Zulus in a single day. Many battles were fought by Dutch Trekkers they killed adults who had problems with the hunter and gatherers and Native Africans. In 1910 the British United Cape colony and the Boer Republic into the Union of South Africa with the Constitution and a government run by whites. The foundation of apartheid had been set. The South Africa Act takes away all political rights of Africans in three of the countries four states.

Body Paragraph 4 What happened in the end. In 1913 the Native Lands Act gives 7.3% of the country's land to native Africans who at this time made up 80% of the population. Africans were prohibited from owning land and were allowed to be on white land only if they were working. By 1939 fewer than 30% of Africans received any type of formal education. Whites were earning five times as much as Africans. In 1931 Britain gave full independence to South Africa. In the 1970s the government began relaxing apartheid laws. In 1994 the first election for all races Nelson Mandela was elected Prime Minister.